½ Groat - Charles I Tower mint; Group D

Features

Issuer England (United Kingdom)
King Charles I (1625-1649)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1632-1648
Value 1/2 Groat = 2 Pence (1/120)
Currency Pound sterling (1158-1970)
Composition Silver
Weight 0.71 g
Diameter 15 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 44830
Numista type number (https://numista.com)
References Sp# 2828-33,
Emma Howard (editor); 2021. Coins of England & the United Kingdom : Pre-Decimal Issues (56th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
And 1 more volumes.
KM# 82-5
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.

Obverse

Fourth crowned bust of King Charles I left, denomination behind head to right, legend around.

Lettering:
CAROLVS·D:G:MB:F:ET:H:REX
II

Translation: Charles by the Grace of God King of Great Britain France and Ireland

Reverse

Oval quartered shield of arms dividing C R, legend around.

Lettering:
IVSTITIA THRONVM FIRMAT
C R

Translation: Justice consolidates the throne

Comments

House of Stuart (1603-49), Charles I (1625-49), Tower mint under the King (1625-42) and under Parliament (1642-49).

Charles I was removed from the throne in 1642 but this series was struck until 1648, under Parliament.
Mintmark at top of both  sides (see notes at date lines below). Die varieties as follows:

Sp#2828 Bust type 3.1, no inner circles, C R either side of oval shield;
Sp#2829 Bust type 3.2-4, inner circle on one or both sides, C R on either side of oval shield;
Sp#2830 Bust type 3.5-6, no inner circle or obverse only, oval shield, no C R;
Sp#2831 Bust type 3a1, no inner circles, rounder shield, no C R;
Sp#2832 Bust type 3a2-3, inner circles on obverse or both sides, rounder shield, no C R;
Sp#2833 Bust type 3a3, inner circles on both sides, rounder shield, no C R;

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (1632-1633)  Sp#2828 - harp (87)
ND (1632-1633)  Sp#2829 - harp (87)
ND (1632-1633)  Sp#2830 - harp (87)
ND (1633-1634)  Sp#2828 - portcullis (107)
ND (1633-1634)  Sp#2829 - portcullis (107)
ND (1633-1634)  Sp#2830 - portcullis (107)
ND (1634-1635)  Sp#2831 - bell (60)
ND (1635-1636)  Sp#2828 - crown (70)
ND (1635-1636)  Sp#2831 - crown (70)
ND (1636-1638)  Sp#2831 - tun (123)
ND (1638-1639)  Sp#2831 - anchor (57)
ND (1638-1639)  Sp#2832 - anchor (57)
ND (1639-1640)  Sp#2831 - triangle (119a)
ND (1639-1640)  Sp#2832 - triangle (119a)
ND (1640-1641)  Sp#2832 - star (23)
ND (1641-1642)  Sp#2832 - triangle-in-circle (119b)
ND (1642-1643)  Sp#2833 - triangle-in-circle (119b)
ND (1643-1644)  Sp#2833 - P in brackets (98)
ND (1644-1645)  Sp#2833 - R in brackets (112)
ND (1645)  Sp#2833 - eye (81)
ND (1645-1646)  Sp#2833 - sun (120)
ND (1646-1648)  Sp#2833 - sceptre (109)

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