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1 Dollar - Elizabeth II 4th Portrait - Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar & Dump

1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (4th Portrait - Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar & Dump) -  obverse 1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (4th Portrait - Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar & Dump) -  reverse

© Mike Bentley

Features

Country Australia
Type Non-circulating coin
Year 2013
Value 1 Dollar
AUD = 0.68 USD
Composition Aluminium-bronze
Weight 9 g
Diameter 25 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
References KM# 2028
Standard Catalog of World Coins
by George S. Cuhaj
(Krause Publications)

Commemorative issue

Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar & Dump

Obverse

4th portrait of Queen Elizabeth II facing right wearing the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara

Lettering:
ELIZABETH II * AUSTRALIA 2013
1 DOLLAR

Engraver: Ian Rank-Broadley

Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS is a British sculptor who has produced many acclaimed works, among which are several designs for British coinage.

Reverse

Image of Holey Dollar and Dump

Lettering:
HISPAN*ET IND*REX*M*8R*T*H
C
NEW SOUTH WALES
1813

Engraver: William Henshall

William Henshall is known for the production of Holey Dollar, one of the first coin made in Australia. Prior to being transported to Australia, William Henshall was convicted of forgery in England. He was later asked by Governor Macquarie to punch a round piece out of each of the 40,000 Spanish dollars sent by the British Government to the colony of New South Wales. 39,910 coins were then punched, giving twice the number of coins: half being called the Holey Dollars, the other half being known as the Dumps. All this coinage was stamped with the words ‘New South Wales’, and used in the colony until 1829 and in Tasmania until 1849.

Edge

7 shorter smooth segments between 7 reeded segments (11 grooves each)

1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (4th Portrait - Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar & Dump)

© Mike Bentley

Comments

The Royal Australian Mint is commemorating 200 years of Australia’s first official currency in 2013 with a special Holey Dollar and Dump design on an NCLT Aluminium-bronze $1 coin. The coin depicts a Holey Dollar, with a Dump occupying the central space of the coin.

The Holey Dollar and Dump became Australia’s first coins in an innovative effort to rectify a coin shortage and stabilise the economy of the fledging colony. The coins were created from 40,000 silver Spanish eight reale coins, which were imported by Governor Lachlan Macquarie and entered into circulation in 1814.

The coin was released as follows :-

In the Four Coin "C" mintmark & [B], [S], [M] Privymark set for 2013.


At the Visitor Press on the ground floor of the RAM in Canberra with "C" Mintmark (Mintage unknown). In a coincard as shown here.


At the Royal Sydney Easter Show with a (S) Counterstamp. (Similar coincard to one shown above)
At the Melbourne International Show with a (M) Counterstamp. (Similar coincard to one shown above)
At the Royal Brisbane Exhibition Show with a (B) Counterstamp. (Similar coincard to one shown above)
At the Perth ANDA Show with a (P) Counterstamp. (Similar coincard to one shown above)
 
In a PNC by Australia Post with a "C" Mintmark.


The RAM also released a Fine Silver (.999) Proof version of the coin in a plush grey square box.

See also

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Year Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC
2013 (B) 2,403 Brisbane Counterstamp (Royal Brisbane Show)
2013 (M) 3,704 Melbourne Counterstamp (Melbourne International Show)
2013 (P) 5,000 Perth Counterstamp (ANDA Show)
2013 (S) 12,592 Sydney Counterstamp (Royal Sydney Show)
2013 [B] 12,195 Brisbane Privymark (Four Coin CBMS Set)
2013 [M] 12,195 Melbourne Privymark (Four Coin CBMS Set)
2013 [S] 12,195 Sydney Privymark (Four Coin CBMS Set)
2013 C 12,195 Canberra Mintmark (Four Coin CBMS Set)
2013 C Canberra Mintmark (Gallery Press)
2013 C 15,000 Canberra Mintmark in PNC
2013 C 130 Canberra Mintmark in PNC (APTA Overprint)

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1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (4th Portrait - Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar & Dump)