1 Penny - Victoria 3rd portrait

1 Penny - Victoria (3rd portrait) -  obverse1 Penny - Victoria (3rd portrait) -  reverse

© apuking

Features

Issuer United Kingdom
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1895-1901
Value 1 Penny = 1/12 Shilling (1/240)
Currency Pound sterling (1158-1970)
Composition Bronze
Weight 9.45 g
Diameter 30.8 mm
Thickness 1.6 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 31 August 1971
Number N# 670
Numista type number (https://numista.com)
References KM# 790,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
Sp# 3961
Emma Howard (editor); 2021. Coins of England & the United Kingdom : Pre-Decimal Issues (56th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
And 1 more volumes.

Obverse

Older diademed and veiled portrait ('Old Head') of Queen Victoria left, legend around, designer's initials below bust.

Lettering:
VICTORIA·DEI·GRA·BRITT·REGINA·FID·DEF·IND·IMP·
T.B.

Translation: Victoria by the Grace of God Queen of the Britains Defender of the Faith Empress of India (Victoria Dei Gratia Britanniarum Regina Fidei Defensatrix Indiae Imperatrix)

Engraver: George William de Saulles

George William de Saulles was a British medallist. He authored and designed the obverse of coins from the United Kingdom and its colonies under Queen Victoria and Edward VII of the United Kingdom

Designer: Thomas Brock

Sir Thomas Brock KCB RA was an English sculptor, whose works include the monument to Queen Victoria in front of Buckingham Palace.

Reverse

Seated figure of Britannia right, with trident in left hand and shield bearing the Union flag in right, sea behind, denomination above and date in exergue.

Note: varieties exist (see below)

Lettering:
ONE PENNY
1898

Engraver: George William de Saulles

George William de Saulles was a British medallist. He authored and designed the obverse of coins from the United Kingdom and its colonies under Queen Victoria and Edward VII of the United Kingdom

Designer: Leonard Charles Wyon

Leonard Charles Wyon was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.

Edge

Plain

Comments

The standard weight of these pieces was 48 to the pound avoirdupois (1/3 ounce or 145.8 grains).

Dies for the final Victoria veiled head issue were engraved by George William de Saulles. The obverse design was copied from a model by Thomas Brock and the reverse was a modified version of the Leonard Charles Wyon design, with the rock and lighthouse removed.

Obverse die varieties:

Die 1a (1895-1901) T.B. under bust.
Die 1b (1896-97) T B. under bust (no dot after T), T is lower and smaller.

Reverse die varieties:



Sp#3961 (1895-1901) Normal tide Horizon is level with folds in robe and 'P' 1mm from trident;
Sp#3961A (1895) Low tide Horizon is level with hem line of robe and 'P' 2mm from trident;
Sp#3961B (1897) High tide Higher tide level above two folds of robe.

Die A (1895) P of PENNY is 2mm from the corner of the trident.

Die Ba (1897) 10.5 teeth from the 1 to the bottom tip of the 7 in date. 7 skewed counterclockwise: bottom to tooth, top line at left lower than at right.
Die Bb (1897) 10.5 teeth from the 1 to the bottom tip of the 7 in date. 7 far from 9.
Die Bc (1897) 9.5 teeth from the 1 to the bottom tip of the 7 in date. 7 very close to 9.
Die Bd (1897) 10 teeth from the 1 to the bottom tip of the 7 in date. 7 close to 9.

Die C -  as B, but sea level on the right is slightly higher, there is no gap between shield and teeth border.

Combinations
1a+Ba

© Alexandr Prokofyev

1a+Bb
1a+Bc
1a+Bd
1a+C
1b+Ba
1b+Bd

© Alexandr Prokofyev

1b+C

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1895  5 395 800 $ 0.26 $ 0.65 $ 1.25 $ 3.37 7% Sp#3961; normal tide
1895  0.15% Sp#3961; normal tide, Proof
1895  $ 0.44 $ 0.95 $ 1.13 $ 4.17 8% Sp#3961A; low tide
1895  0.2% Sp#3961A; low tide, Proof
1896  24 147 100 $ 0.38 $ 0.97 $ 1.05 $ 3.39 $ 4.52 36%
1896  0.4% Proof
1897  0.08% Dot after O of ONE
1897  20 756 600 $ 0.49 $ 0.94 $ 0.91 $ 3.92 $ 28 $ 38 31% Sp#3961; normal tide
1897  0.4% Sp#3961; normal tide, Proof
1897  1.3% Sp#3961B; high tide
1898  14 296 800 $ 0.62 $ 0.99 $ 1.69 $ 1.61 27%
1899  26 441 000 $ 0.28 $ 0.71 $ 1.13 $ 2.04 $ 16 40%
1900  31 778 100 $ 0.80 $ 0.79 $ 1.28 $ 2.26 $ 5.65 45%
1901  22 205 500 $ 0.47 $ 0.81 $ 1.13 $ 1.56 $ 6.44 $ 13 $ 26 37%
1901  0.7% Proof

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as an indication only; they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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