1 Crown - Elizabeth II Churchill

1 Crown - Elizabeth II (Churchill) -  obverse1 Crown - Elizabeth II (Churchill) -  reverse

© Joseph Kunnappally

Features

Issuer United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-date)
Type Circulating commemorative coin
Year 1965
Value 1 Crown = 5 Shillings (¼)
Currency Pound sterling (1158-1970)
Composition Copper-nickel
Weight 28.28 g
Diameter 38.61 mm
Thickness 3 mm
Shape Round
Technique Milled
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 6898
Numista type number (https://en.numista.com/help/what-is-the-n-number-visible-in-the-catalogue-33.html)
References KM# 910,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 5 more volumes.
Sp# 4144
Emma Howard (editor); 2021. Standard Catalogue of British Coins : Coins of England & the United Kingdom Pre-Decimal Issues (56th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
And 2 more volumes.

Commemorative issue

Death of Sir Winston Churchill, 1965

Obverse

Young laureate bust of HM Queen Elizabeth II right, legend around, date below.

Lettering: ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F·D· 1965

Unabridged legend: Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Regina Fidei Defensatrix

Translation: Elizabeth the Second by the Grace of God Queen Defender of the Faith

Engraver: Mary Gillick

Mary Gillick was a sculptor best known for her effigy of Elizabeth II used on coinage in the United Kingdom and elsewhere from 1953 to 1970.

Reverse

A sombre-looking portrait of Sir Winston Churchill, in a siren suit facing right.

Lettering: CHURCHILL

Engraver: Oscar Nemon

Edge

Reeded

Mint

Royal Mint (Tower Hill), London, United Kingdom (1810-1975)

Comments

The Royal Mint described the Churchill Crown as “one of the most difficult ever produced.” Each cupro-nickel crown had to be struck by two extremely heavy presses, one of 250 tons and the other 360 tons. The Royal Mint had to remove some details such as Nemon’s small initials to the left of the head. The relief was flatter than the sculptor had intended and Nemon was not at all happy with the result. The initials remain on the VIP Specimen, no mintage figures are known.

© The Royal Mint Museum

The standard weight of these coins was 10/11 troy ounce (436.4 grains). Under the Coinage Act of 1946, the composition changed from .500 silver to .750 copper/.250 nickel, but the weight remained unchanged.

Following is an excerpt from the Ninety—Sixth Annual Report of the Deputy Master and Comptroller of The Royal Mint, dated 20th July 1966:

'Distribution to the public began on 11th October 1965. Priority, after consultation with the banks, was given to overseas orders and notably to the North American Continent. By the end of November about 3 million Crowns had been sent abroad, and supplies for the United Kingdom became more plentiful thereafter.
The coin is a coin of the Realm. Crowns are heavy pieces of metal, and for this reason they are not usually at all well received as money. Indeed, the total struck by the end of March 1966 was about three times the previous highest crown issue. Nevertheless, it would be pleasant if the circulation of the Churchill Crown as a coin of the Realm could persist for a time. I know people who use it freely and I might quote briefly from the Daily Telegraph: ‘The massive jingle of a couple of these coins in my pocket has a far more heartening effect than any tatty old ten—bob note ... is it not a better memorial to Churchill to have his coin readily moving throughout the honest business of a free kingdom?’

The coin was issued alongside a £5 coin in a 2-coin set in 2015 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Churchill's death. The coins for the 2015 set were taken from the secondary market and had sales of 4,987.

See also

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1965  19 640 000 $ 1.72 $ 1.72 $ 2.08 $ 2.08 $ 2.08 $ 2.13 $ 2.42 98%
1965  $ 117 2% Satin Finish VIP Specimen

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as an indication only; they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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