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1 Dollar - Elizabeth II 3rd Portrait - "Father of Federation"

1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (3rd Portrait - "Father of Federation") -  obverse1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (3rd Portrait - "Father of Federation") -  reverse

© Mike Bentley

Features

Country Australia
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-date)
Type Circulating commemorative coin
Year 1996
Value 1 Dollar
1.00 AUD = 0.72 USD
Currency Dollar (1966-date)
Composition Aluminium-bronze
Weight 9 g
Diameter 25 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
References KM# 310,
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Michael, Thomas & Tracy L. Schmidt; 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Michael, Thomas (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Schön# 305
  • Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Battenberg, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461840.
  • Kahnt, Helmut & Günter Schön; 2016. Weltmünzkatalog 19. Jahrhundert: 1801-1900 (17. Auflage). Battenberg. ISBN 9783866461185.
  • Schön, Gerhard & Sebastian Krämer; 2017. Weltmünzkatalog 21. Jahrhundert: 2001-2016 (3. Auflage). Battenberg. ISBN 9783866461383.

Commemorative issue

100th Anniversary of the Death of Sir Henry Parkes

Obverse

3rd portrait of Queen Elizabeth II facing right wearing the King George IV State Diadem

Lettering:
ELIZABETH II
AUSTRALIA 1996
RDM

Engraver: Raphael David Maklouf

Raphael David Maklouf is a sculptor, best known for designing the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II used on the coins of many Commonwealth nations. Maklouf was born in Jerusalem emigrating with his family to the United Kingdom after the Second World War. He attended the Camberwell School of Art until 1958, afterward becoming an academic lecturer for ten years. He was made an Associate of the Royal Society of British Sculptors in 1979. Raphael Maklouf was born to a Jewish family. His father is Samuel Maklouf, born in Safed, Raphael Makouf's mother is Leonie Maklouf.

Reverse

Image of Sir Henry Parkes, the Father of Federation

Lettering:
SIR HENRY PARKES 1815-1896
"FATHER" OF FEDERATION
1 DOLLAR

Engraver: Wojciech Pietranik

Wojciech Pietranik, born 25 March 1950, is a Polish artist and sculptor best known for his design work for coins and medals.

Edge

7 shorter smooth segments between 7 reeded segments (11 grooves each)

1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (3rd Portrait - "Father of Federation") -  obverse

Mint

C Royal Australian Mint, Canberra, Australia (1965-date)

Comments

In 1996 the RAM released an aluminium bronze dollar coin into circulation that commemorated the 100th anniversary of the death of Sir Henry Parkes. Known as the "Father of Federation" he did not support the concept strongly until the last few years of his political life. The general consensus of his support is that it was one of convenience, but despite this he is known for a strong speech at Tenterfield urging Federation of the colonies of Australia. His reasons for doing so were mixed at best, and he is recorded as saying that federation would be a great idea so that trouble makers in Broken Hill would become South Australia's problem and not those of NSW! (Despite Broken Hill actually being just inside NSW!)

The coin was released in the 1996 standard Proof & Uncirculated Sets without a mintmark.
It was released at various Agricultural Shows etc through the year with relevant Mintmarks, (A, B, C, M, S etc).
It was also included in the annual Baby UNC & Proof sets without a mintmark.
It was also available as a Mint Your Own (MYO) coin at the Public Gallery Press at the RAM  with a "C" Mintmark.
It was also available for general retail sale through coin dealers in a small folded coincard with a "C" Mintmark.

Visitors at mints and coin shows were allowed to strike a coin for a fee

  

A .925 Sterling Silver NCLT non-mintmarked version of the coin was also released.

See also

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Date Mintage VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1996  26,200,000 0.63 1.05 1.71 1.62 2.83 5.17 95% Circulation
1996  3,985 0.08% Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1996  33,350 16.65 0.5% Proof Year Set
1996  25,727 0.08% UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1996  108,773 0.3% UNC Year Set
1996 A 20,000 1.6% Adelaide Mintmark (Royal Adelaide Show)
1996 B 30,000 4.45 2% Brisbane Mintmark (Royal Brisbane Show)
1996 C 1,500 0.4% Canberra Mintmark (Canberra Show)
1996 C 149,600 9.43 4% Canberra Mintmark (Gallery Press MYO)
1996 C 101,760 5.18 0.8% Canberra Mintmark (Pre Struck Retail)
1996 M 20,110 2.0% Melbourne Mintmark (Royal Melbourne Show)
1996 S 49,964 3% Sydney Mintmark (Royal Sydney Show)

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Coins Australia 1 Dollar - Elizabeth II (3rd Portrait - "Father of Federation")