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1 Thaler - Maria Theresia

1 Thaler - Maria Theresia -  obverse 1 Thaler - Maria Theresia -  reverse

© DNO 14

Features

Country Austria - Habsburg
Type Standard circulation coin
Year 1780
Value 1 Thaler (2)
Metal Silver (.833)
Weight 28.0668 g
Diameter 41 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 1854
References KM# T1
Standard Catalog of World Coins
by George S. Cuhaj
(Krause Publications)

Obverse

Right facing portrait of Empress Maria Theresia of habsburg surrounded by the legend "Maria Theresia, Dei Gratia, Romanorum Imperatrix, Hungariae Bohemiaeque Regina".

Lettering:
M·THERESIA·D·G· R·IMP·HU·BO·REG·
S·F·

Translation: Maria-Theresia, by the Grace of God, Roman Empress, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia

Reverse

Imperial double-headed eagle with the arms of Austria at the centre, surrounded by four quarters representing Hungary, Bohemia, Burgundy and Burgau (Günzburg). Legend around "Archidux Austriae, Dux Burgundiae, Comes Tyrolis".

Lettering: ARCHID·AVST·DUX· BURG·CO·TYR·1780·X

Translation: Archduchess of Austria, duchess of Burgundy, comtess of Tyrol

Edge

Inscripted

Lettering: IUSTITIA ET CLEMENTIA

Translation: Justice and Mercy

Comments

Theresia-Thaler restruck up to modern times in different mints and regions of the world. No mintmarks below feet - normal 1780 has IC-FA and this has none.
Variations allowing to determine at least partly when and where a coin was struck can be found at http://www.theresia.name/en/index.html
Still sold by Vienna mint https://www.muenzeoesterreich.at/eng/content/search?SearchText=Maria+theresia&SearchButton=Search
Each coin contains .7516 oz of pure Silver! Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Charles VI as ruler of the Kingdoms of Austria and Hungary in 1740. During her 40 year reign, she defended her empire successfully in the War of Austrian Succession. The silver Thaler was the currency of the empire and its dominions. This coin was one of the most important trade coins in Europe, and one of the best known in the world. The Austrian Thaler and the Spanish 8 Reales were the basis for the silver dollar which was adopted by the the fledgling United States under the Mint Act of 1792. In fact, the word "dollar" is derived from the German/Austrian word "Thaler".

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Year Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC
1780 X 14.15 16.27 21.90 18.99 21.21 21.43 All coins struck from 1781 to the present retain the 1780 year mark.
1780 X 22.96 22.68 Restrike; Proof

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging coins. Numista does not buy or sell coins.

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Numista Rarity index: 11 Search tips
This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin and 100 meaning a rare coin among Numista members.

Bullion value: 11.17 USD Search tips
This value is given for information purpose only. It is based on a price of Silver at 478 USD/kg. Numista does not buy or sell coins or metal.

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1 Thaler - Maria Theresia