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1 Thaler - Maria Theresia

1 Thaler - Maria Theresia -  obverse1 Thaler - Maria Theresia -  reverse

© DNO 14

Features

Country Austria - Habsburg
Empress Maria Theresia (1740-1780)
Type Standard circulation coin
Year 1780
Value 1 Thaler (2)
Currency Austro-Hungarian gulden (1754-1857)
Composition Silver (.833)
Weight 28.0668 g
Diameter 41 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 1854
References KM# T1
Standard Catalog of World Coins
by George S. Cuhaj
(Krause Publications)

Obverse

Right facing portrait of Empress Maria Theresia of habsburg surrounded by the legend "Maria Theresia, Dei Gratia, Romanorum Imperatrix, Hungariae Bohemiaeque Regina".

Lettering:
M·THERESIA·D·G· R·IMP·HU·BO·REG·
S·F·

Translation: Maria-Theresia, by the Grace of God, Roman Empress, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia

Reverse

Imperial double-headed eagle with the arms of Austria at the centre, surrounded by four quarters representing Hungary, Bohemia, Burgundy and Burgau (Günzburg). Legend around "Archidux Austriae, Dux Burgundiae, Comes Tyrolis".

Lettering: ARCHID·AVST·DUX· BURG·CO·TYR·1780·X

Translation: Archduchess of Austria, duchess of Burgundy, comtess of Tyrol

Edge

Inscripted

Lettering: IUSTITIA ET CLEMENTIA

Translation: Justice and Mercy

Comments

The Maria Theresa Thaler follows the Conventionsthaler standard of 1750, with a gross weight of one tenth of a Vienna mark of silver, 5/6 fine. The fine silver content was  of one tenth of a Cologne mark (5 Vienna marks = 6 Cologne marks).
ASW: .7516 oz / 23.39 grams / 0.1 Cologne mark / 0.833 Vienna marks.

The Maria Theresa Thaler was originally struck in Austria between 1740 and 1780. It was the circulating currency of the Holy Roman Empire and its dominions and it was one of the most important trade coins in Europe and in the world. Since the death of Maria Theresa in 1780, the coin has always been dated 1780. It has been continuously minted in various mints around the world: Birmingham, Bombay, Brussels, London, Paris, Rome and Utrecht, in addition to the Habsburg mints in Günzburg, Hall, Karlsburg, Kremnica, Milan, Prague, and Vienna. It is estimated that until 2000, 389 million pieces were minted. As of 2019, it is still sold by the Vienna mint https://www.muenzeoesterreich.at/produkte/maria-theresien-taler

There are over 150 different major variants, and virtually all dies produced before 1850 had minor differences. Subtle differences in design, style and lettering allow to determine at least partly the date and the mint. Some variations are very rare, with 10 pieces or less being known to exist.

Along with the Spanish 8 Reales coin, it was the basis of the silver dollar which was adopted by the then fledgling United States under the Mint Act of 1792. The word "dollar" is derived from the German word "Thaler/Taler". Also known as the Levant dollar, it also circulated as trade coinage in the Arab world (especially in Saudi Arabia, the Yemen, Syria, Muscat and Oman), in Africa (especially in Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique), in India and Indonesia. It remains in circulation to this day in conflict areas in the Middle East and Africa.

References:
http://www.theresia.name/en/index.html
H.D. Rauch, Walter Hafner. "Lexicon of the Maria Theresien Taler 1780". Wien 1984

See also

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Year Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1780  11.50 13.30 19.71 19.50 19.50 19.64 20.79 84% All coins struck from 1781 to the present retain the 1780 year mark.
1780  226.52 21.40 20.29 20% Restrike; Proof

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging coins. Numista does not buy or sell coins.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Numista Rarity index: 10 Search tips
This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin and 100 meaning a rare coin among Numista members.

Bullion value: 13.31 USD Search tips
This value is given for information purpose only. It is based on a price of silver at 569 USD/kg. Numista does not buy or sell coins or metal.

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1 Thaler - Maria Theresia