20 Francs "Vreneli" 22 stars on edge

Features

Issuer Switzerland
Period Federal State (1848-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1897-1935 (1897-1947)
Value 20 Francs (20 CHF)
Currency Franc (1850-date)
Composition Gold (.900) (10% copper)
Weight 6.45 g
Diameter 21.00 mm
Thickness 1.25 mm
Shape Round
Technique Milled
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized 07-29-1944
Number N# 7497
Numista type number (https://numista.com)
References HMZ 2# 1195,
Jürg Richter, Ruedi Kunzmann; 2006. Der neue HMZ-Katalog / Band. 2. Die Münzen der Schweiz und Liechtensteins : 15./16. Jahrhundert bis Gegenwart. Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
Divo/Tob19# 293,
Jean-Paul Divo, Edwin Tobler; 1967. Die Münzen der Schweiz im 19. Und 20. Jahrhundert. Bank Leu AG, Zürich, Switzerland.
KM# 35.1,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
Fr# 499,
Arthur L. Friedberg, Ira S. Friedberg, Robert Friedberg; 2017. Gold Coins of the World : From Ancient Times to the Present (9th edition). Coin & Currency Institute, Williston, Vermont, USA.
Y# 41
Richard S. Yeoman, Arthur L. Friedberg; 2007. A Catalog of Modern World Coins : 1850-1964 (14th edition). Whitman Publishing Company, Atlanta, USA.
And 1 more volumes.

Series: Vreneli series

Obverse

Bust of a young woman from Oberhasli facing left, with tresses and a garland of edelweiss. Mountains in the background.

Script: Latin

Lettering: HELVETIA

Designer: Fritz Ulysse Landry

Fritz Ulysse Landry, born in Le Locle on 26 September 1842 and died in Neuchâtel on 7 January 1927, is a Swiss medalist and sculptor. He is best known for being the author of the engraving that adorns the Swiss Vreneli gold coins.

Reverse

Coat of arms of Switzerland. Oak (Quercus robur) branch with acorns and ribbons behind.

Script: Latin

Lettering:
20 FR
1911 B

Designer: Fritz Ulysse Landry

Fritz Ulysse Landry, born in Le Locle on 26 September 1842 and died in Neuchâtel on 7 January 1927, is a Swiss medalist and sculptor. He is best known for being the author of the engraving that adorns the Swiss Vreneli gold coins.

Edge

Embossed pattern with 22 stars in three groups, two of seven and one of eight stars.

Lettering: 🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉 | 🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉 | 🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉🟉

20 Francs "Vreneli" (22 stars on edge) -  obverse

Mint

B Bern, Switzerland (1225-date)

Comments

Swiss gold coins were never officially demonetized, but in 1936, the franc was devalued against gold, so their bullion value became higher than their legal value. In 1944, they became subject to turnover tax, which was a de facto demonetization.

In 1895, the Federal Council decided to adopt a new design for the 20 franc gold coin. From a total of 21 suggestions, a depiction of Helvetia by Fritz Ulysse Landry (1842–1927, Neuchâtel) won second place. His Helvetia figure was criticized as too young and romantic, and the alpine panorama as too intrusive. Landry revisited his design and the revised design was chosen for the coin.

These coins are colloquially referred to as Goldvreneli. The name is a Swiss German affectionate diminutive of the female given name "Verena". This name, in its diminutive form also used as a pars pro toto for female youths, is popular in Switzerland.

Varieties of this type:

• In 1897, an additional 29 coins were minted of Gondo gold from the former gold mine in Gondo, Canton Valais. The alloy of these coins contains not only copper but also silver, which results in a lighter color. In addition, a small cross is punched in the middle of the Swiss cross on these coins:
⸰ Example of this variety:

© Sincona AG
Auctioned by Sincona AG, Auction 14, 17 October 2013, Lot 3561, sold for 120,000 CHF.

• About 20 million coins dated "L 1935 B", with the "L" indicating "lingot" (bullion) were re-struck in 1945 (3,500,000), 1946 (7,108,813) and 1947 (9,400,000). An additional 9,200,000 coins contemporaneously struck and dated in 1947 were also produced and are distinguished by the mint mark "B". There were no regular strikes produced in the years 1945 and 1946.

© Sincona AG

Errors of this type:

• Richter #14 (6.45 g) - incuse impression of the obverse on the reverse.
⸰ Example of this error:

© Hess Divo
Auctioned by Hess-Divo AG, Auction 315, 28 October 2009, Lot 182, estimated at 1,000 CHF.

• Richter #A69 - L1935, 75° axis rotation.
⸰ Example of this error:

© Sincona AG
Auctioned by Sincona AG, Auction 35, 26 October 2016, Lot 5684, sold for 750 CHF.

• 21 instead of 22 stars on the edge.
⸰ Example of Richter #B23 - 1930:

© Sincona AG
Auctioned by Sincona AG, Auction 35, 26 October 2016, Lot 5679, sold for 650 CHF.
⸰ Example of Richter #B33 - L1935:

© Sincona AG
Auctioned by Sincona AG, Auction 35, 26 October 2016, Lot 5685, sold for 650 CHF.

See also

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Date Mintage VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1897 B 400 000 5%
1897 B 29 0.5% Small cross in the center of the Swiss cross
1898 B 400 000 3%
1899 B 300 000 3%
1900 B 400 000 $ 348 4%
1901 B 500 000 4%
1902 B 600 000 5%
1903 B 200 000 2%
1904 B 100 000 1.7%
1905 B 100 000 2%
1906 B 100 000 2%
1907 B 150 000 2%
1908 B 355 000 4%
1909 B 400 000 $ 348 4%
1910 B 375 000 $ 393 4%
1911 B 350 000 $ 252 $ 375 4%
1912 B 450 000 4%
1913 B 700 000 $ 259 6%
1914 B 700 000 $ 302 6%
1915 B 750 000 $ 302 8%
1916 B 300 000 4%
1922 B 2 783 678 $ 241 $ 288 $ 336 16%
1925 B 400 000 5%
1926 B 50 000 2.0%
1927 B 5 015 000 $ 348 $ 276 $ 334 $ 337 25%
1930 B 3 371 764 $ 334 $ 237 16%
1935 B 175 000 $ 346 $ 290 $ 364 $ 290 18%
ND (1945-1947) LB 20 008 813 $ 348 $ 336 $ 336 $ 331 43% restrike dated 1935

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as an indication only; they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Numista Rarity index: 15 Search tips
This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin or banknote and 100 meaning a rare coin or banknote among Numista members.

Bullion value: USD 333.97 Search tips
This value is given for information purpose only. It is based on a price of gold at 57 532 USD/kg. Numista does not buy or sell coins or metal.

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