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½ Farthing - Victoria 1st portrait; incl. Colonial

Features

Country United Kingdom
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1839-1856
Value 1/2 Farthing = 1/96 Shilling (1/1920)
Currency Pound sterling (1158-1970)
Composition Copper
Weight 2.36 g
Diameter 18 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 12-31-1869
References KM# 738,
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Michael, Thomas & Tracy L. Schmidt; 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Michael, Thomas (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Sp# 3951
  • Emma Howard (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom: Pre-Decimal Issues (55th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667536.
  • Geoff Kitchen (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom: Decimal Issues (6th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667215.

Obverse

First uncrowned portrait ('Young Head') of Queen Victoria left, legend around.

Lettering: VICTORIA D:G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F:D:

Translation: Victoria by the Grace of God Queen of the Britons Defender of the Faith

Engraver: William Wyon

William Wyon RA, was official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death.

Reverse

Central crowned denomination above date with rose, thistle and shamrock below date.

Note: 1839-dated issues bear only a rose below date

Lettering:
HALF
FARTHING
1844

Edge

Plain

Comments

Originally struck for use in Ceylon with only a Tudor rose below the date (see below), from 1842 they were made legal tender in the UK and produced with the three national flower emblems below the date. The standard weight of these pieces was 1/12 ounce avoirdupois (36.5 grains), leading to much criticism that they were far too small a denomination. The series lasted until 1869 when the coin was demonetized, the last date issued for circulation being 1856.

For further information on fractional farthings, please visit Tony Clayton's website at coins-of-the-uk.co.uk.



© Image courtesy of Tony Clayton

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Date Mintage VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1839  2,042,800 3% Rose only below date
1842  7% Rose, thistle & shamrock below date
1843  3,440,600 5.11 7.43 38.46 31%
1844  6,451,000 1.54 3.14 7.37 14.74 17.08 45.86 70%
1844  3% 'E' of REGINA over 'N'
1847  3,010,500 4%
1851  1.8%
1851  0.3% '5851' overpunch error
1852  989,100 1.4%
1853  955,200 2.0%
1853  0.15% Proof
1854  677,300 0.8%
1856  0.3% large date
1856  913,900 1.1% small date
1856  1.1% small date, error: 'KRITANNIA'

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Coins United Kingdom ½ Farthing - Victoria (1st portrait; incl. Colonial)