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½ Farthing - Victoria 1st portrait; incl. Colonial

Features

Country United Kingdom
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1839-1856
Value 1/2 Farthing = 1/96 Shilling (1/1920 LSD)
Composition Copper
Weight 2.36 g
Diameter 18 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 12-31-1869
References KM# 738, Sp# 3951
Standard Catalog of World Coins
by George S. Cuhaj
(Krause Publications)
Coins of England & the United Kingdom
by Philip Skingley
(Spink)

Obverse

First uncrowned portrait ('Young Head') of Queen Victoria left, legend around.

Lettering: VICTORIA D:G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F:D:

Translation: Victoria by the Grace of God Queen of the Britons Defender of the Faith

Engraver: William Wyon

William Wyon RA, was official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death.

Reverse

Central crowned denomination above date with rose, thistle and shamrock below date.

Note: 1839-dated issues bear only a rose below date

Lettering:
HALF
FARTHING
1844

Edge

Plain

Comments

Originally struck for use in Ceylon with only a Tudor rose below the date (see below), from 1842 they were made legal tender in the UK and produced with the three national flower emblems below the date. The standard weight of these pieces was 1/12 ounce avoirdupois (36.5 grains), leading to much criticism that they were far too small a denomination. The series lasted until 1869 when the coin was demonetized, the last date issued for circulation being 1856.

For further information on fractional farthings, please visit Tony Clayton's website at coins-of-the-uk.co.uk.



© Image courtesy of Tony Clayton

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Year Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC
1839  2,042,800 Rose only below date
1842  Rose, thistle & shamrock below date
1843  3,440,600 3.63 6.56
1844  6,451,000 1.50 4.06 8.73 14.40
1844  'E' of REGINA over 'N'
1847  3,010,500
1851 
1851  '5851' overpunch error
1852  989,100
1853  955,200
1853  Proof
1854  677,300
1856  large date
1856  913,900 small date
1856  small date, error: 'KRITANNIA'

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging coins. Numista does not buy or sell coins.

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½ Farthing - Victoria (1st portrait; incl. Colonial)