1 Solidus - Friedrich & Wilhelm Kettler Mitau; type 1

Features

Issuer Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (Livonia)
Duke Friedrich Kettler and Wilhelm Kettler (1587-1616)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1596-1601
Value 1 Schilling = 1/108 Thaler (1/108)
Currency Thaler (1586-1795)
Composition Billon
Weight 0.85 g
Diameter 18 mm
Thickness 0.7 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Variable alignment ↺
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 87564
Numista type number (https://numista.com)
References Kop# 4012,
Edmund Kopicki; 1995. Ilustrowany skorowidz pieniedzy polskich i z Polska związanych / Część 1.1. Teksty Poz. 1-7058. Polskie Towarzystwo Numizmatyczne - Zarząd Główny, Warsaw, Poland.
And 3 more volumes.
Haljak II# 1651,
Gunnar Haljak, Antti Haljak; 2010. Livonian Coins / Part I. Feudal States : Livonian Coins from XIII-XVI Century : XIII-XVIII Century. self-published, Tallin, Estonia.
And 1 more volumes.
Fed# 1004,
Dmitry Yakovlevich Fedorov; 1966. Монеты Прибалтики XIII-XVIII столетий : Coin Identifier = Coins of the Baltic States of 17th - 18th centuries / Определитель монет. Valgus, Tallin, Estonia.
Neum# 303,
Erich Neumann; 1997. Die Münzen der westpreußischen und baltischen Städte unter polnischer bzw. schwedischer Oberhoheit. Self-published, Cologne, Germany.
KM# 3
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.

Obverse

Shield on crowned monogram surrounded by legend.

Lettering:
SOLIDVS · NOV · CVR · & · SE · 600
S

Translation:
Solidus Nova (Ducum) Curlandiae Et Semigalliae
New schilling of Duchy of Courland and Semigallia

Reverse

Lion surrounded by legend.

Lettering: MONETA · DVCVM · CVRL · ET · SE ·

Translation:
Moneta (Argentea) Ducum Curlandiae Et Semigalliae
(Silver) coin of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia

Edge

Smooth.

Mint

Mitau, modern-day Jelgava, Latvia

Comments

In 1596, Friedrich Kettler (1587-1642) and Wilhelm Kettler (1587-1616) split the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, with Willhelm getting Courland and Friedrich getting Semigallia. While the coins of each Duke would have been minted for their respective areas, the schillings of Friedrich and Wilhelm are impossible to distinguish.

Coins from 1596 have the two last digits of the date separated by the monogram; all other years have the digits of the date located in the obverse legend.

The exact lettering of the surrounding legend may vary.

1596:
1) SOLI · DVCVM · CV · E · SE / MON · ARG · DVCVM · CV · E · SE

1600:
1) SOLIDVS · NOV · CVR · & · SE · 1600 / MONETA · DVCVM · CVR · ET · SE

1600 (missing 1 in date):
1) SOLIDVS · NOV · CVR · & · SE · 600 / MONETA · DVCVM · CVRL · ET · SEM
2) SOLIDVS · NOV · CVR · & · SE · 600 / MONETA · DVCVM · CVRL · ET · SE ·
3) SOLIDVS · NOV · CVR · & · SE · 600 / MONETA · DVCVM · CVRL · & · SE
4) SOLIDVS · NOV · CVR · & · SE · 600 / MONETA · DVCVM · CVR · ET · SE

After 1601, significant changes were made to the legends of the schillings.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
1596  (15)96
1600 
1600  (1)600
1601 

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