20 Nummi - Justinian I Antioch; ϱ; Bust Facing

Features

Country Byzantine Empire (Byzantine states)
Emperor Justinian I the Great (527-565)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 554-562
Value Half Follis = 1/2 Follis = 20 Nummi (20/7200)
Currency First Solidus Nomisma (498-720)
Composition Copper
Weight 8.8 g
Diameter 28 mm
Shape Round (irregular)
Orientation Variable alignment ↺
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 90257
Numista (https://numista.com)
References BCV# 231,
David R. Sear, Simon Bendall, Michael Dennis O'Hara; 2006. Byzantine coins and their values (2nd edition). Seaby, London, United Kingdom.
DOC I# 245,
Alfred R. Bellinger; 1992. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection / Volume 1. Anastasius I to Maurice 491-602 (2nd edition). Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington DC, United States.
MIB I# 155,
Wolfgang Reinhard Otto Hahn; 1973. Moneta Imperii byzantini / Teil 1. Von Anastasius I. bis Justinianus I (491-565) : einschliesslich der ostgotischen und vandalischen Prägungen : Rekonstruktion des Prägeaufbaues auf synoptisch-tabellarischer Grundlage. Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Austria.
BMC Byz# 323
Warwick Wroth; 1908. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum / Volume 1. British Museum, London, United Kingdom.
And 1 more volumes.

Obverse

Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield, cross to right.

Lettering: D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG

Translation:
D(-ominus) N(-oster) IVSTINIANVS P(-er-)P(-etuus) AVG(-ustus)
"Our Lord Justinian, Perpetual Emperor"

Reverse

Large K, cross above, A/N/N/O to left, numerals representing the regnal year to right, ϱ beneath.

Lettering:

K
ANNO XXXII
ϱ

Translation:
K : "20" nummi (= half follis).
ANNO XXXII : "year 32".
(τHεЧ-)ϱ(-olis) : "Theopolis" (Antioch).

Mint

ϱ Antioch on the Orontes, Syria, modern-day Antakya, Turkey

Comments

There are several slight variations in the form of that mint-mark.
Antioch was almost destroyed by a great earthquake on 29 November 528, after which it was renamed Theopolis.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (554-555) ϱ Anno XXↅII (year 28)
ND (555-556) ϱ Anno XXↅIII (year 29)
ND (556-557) ϱ Anno XXX (year 30)
ND (557-558) ϱ Anno XXXI (year 31)
ND (558-559) ϱ Anno XXXII (year 32)
ND (559-560) ϱ Anno XXXIII (year 33)
ND (560-561) ϱ Anno XXXIIII (year 34)
ND (561-562) ϱ Anno XXXЧ (year 35)

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