1 Cent "Lincoln - Wheat Ears Reverse"

Features

Country United States
Period Federal republic (1776-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1909-1958
Value 1 Cent (0.01 USD)
Currency Dollar (1785-date)
Composition Copper
Weight 3.11 g
Diameter 19 mm
Thickness 1.4 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Number N# 908
Numista (https://numista.com)
References KM# 132,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
KM# A132,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
Schön# 130
Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog / 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
And 2 more volumes.

Obverse

The portrait of Abraham Lincoln facing right with the date to the right, and the mintmark (if present)below the date

Lettering:
IN GOD WE TRUST
LIBERTY
1925
D
VDB

Engraver: Victor David Brenner

Victor David Brenner was a Litvak-American sculptor, engraver, and medalist known primarily as the designer of the United States Lincoln Cent.

Reverse

Two wheat ears surrounding lettering

Lettering:
E·PLURIBUS·UNUM
ONE CENT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Translation:
OUT·OF MANY·ONE
ONE CENT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Engraver: Victor David Brenner

Victor David Brenner was a Litvak-American sculptor, engraver, and medalist known primarily as the designer of the United States Lincoln Cent.

Edge

Smooth

1 Cent

© Cyrillius

Mints

United States Mint, Philadelphia, United States (1792-date)
D United States Mint, Denver, United States (1906-date)
S United States Mint, San Francisco, United States (1854-date)

Comments

How the initials ['signature'] "VDB" looks on reverse (1909 and 1909-S only)

© Ringgy



Coins from 1910-1917 do not have the VDB initials.
Starting in 1918, "VDB" was added onto the underside of Lincoln's bust, below the shoulder.

There are claims of a 1917 matte proof coin existing (one known). However, many sources now claim this coin does not exist.

KM# 132 - 1909-1942 bronze issues KM# 132a - 1943 zinc-coated steel issues
KM# A132 - 1944-1958 (bronze issues resumed).

Issues from 1944 to 1946 used brass made from spent wartime shell casings composed of 70% copper and 30% zinc. As a result, such issues are made of 95% copper and 5% zinc. However, alloy resumed to pre-war composition after 1946 (95% copper and 5% tin and zinc)

The 1943 bronze cent is a "Transitional Error" which occurred during the changeover from bronze to steel coated zinc.

See also

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1909  27 995 000 6.47 4.12 8.13 13.67 12.93 14.00 79.16 10% With initials "VDB"
1909  0.5% With initials "VDB"; Double Die Obverse (very rare), mintage included with 1909 VDB
1909  1 194 0.2% With initials "VDB"; Matte Proof
1909  72 702 618 1.07 2.98 2.40 4.08 6.31 24.00 10% Without initials "VDB"
1909  2 618 0.5% Without initials "VDB"; Proof
1909 S 484 000 714.49 1 135.10 0.8% With initials "VDB", excessively rare
1909 S 1 825 000 88.70 88.05 107.43 1.4% Without initials "VDB", very rare
1909 S 0.19% Without initials "VDB"; repunched mintmark (S over horizontal S); very rare
1910  146 801 218 0.36 0.60 0.66 1.20 1.58 9.90 18.72 14%
1910  4 118 0.3% Matte Proof
1910 S 6 045 000 9.50 16.49 20.06 15.83 3%
1911  101 177 787 0.49 0.48 1.40 1.32 4.00 4.56 11%
1911  1 725 0.3% Matte Proof
1911 D 12 672 000 3.08 5.41 4.99 16.80 3%
1911 S 4 026 000 36.83 25.17 21.45 45.16 2%
1912  68 153 060 0.95 1.26 1.94 2.04 9%
1912  2 172 0.19% Matte Proof
1912 D 10 411 000 3.07 3.32 3.52 5.95 3%
1912 S 4 431 000 14.47 13.85 26.74 27.22 2%
1913  76 532 352 0.84 1.07 1.32 2.02 0.85 10%
1913  2 983 0.2% Matte Proof
1913 D 15 804 000 1.40 3.26 3.56 3.61 4%
1913 S 6 101 000 5.04 6.80 16.03 39.07 3%
1914  75 238 432 0.82 0.73 1.84 2.14 3.06 10%
1914  1 365 0.18% Matte Proof
1914 D 1 193 000 100.70 164.05 245.59 1.3% Rare; modified/unauthentic mintmarks exist
1914 S 4 137 000 21.39 14.64 30.73 2%
1915  29 092 120 1.09 2.62 3.48 3.00 6%
1915  1 050 0.14% Matte Proof
1915 D 22 050 000 1.68 3.38 3.29 5.94 5%
1915 S 4 833 000 11.96 25.39 34.17 2%
1916  131 833 677 0.30 0.52 0.60 1.01 7.09 13%
1916  600 0.18% Matte Proof
1916 D 35 956 000 0.76 1.10 3.22 4.24 6%
1916 S 22 510 000 1.78 2.42 1.40 2.44 5%
1917  196 429 785 0.18 0.41 0.55 1.20 1.08 16%
1917  0.3% Double Die Obverse, mintage included with 1917
1917 D 55 120 000 0.85 1.06 1.50 1.94 37.13 7%
1917 S 32 620 000 1.03 1.02 1.46 1.96 6%
1918  288 104 634 0.22 0.41 0.38 1.20 3.60 18%
1918 D 47 830 000 1.00 1.40 1.49 2.14 6%
1918 S 34 680 000 0.54 0.78 1.01 2.05 3.00 6%
1919  392 021 000 0.20 0.22 0.36 1.02 2.64 19%
1919 D 57 154 000 0.62 0.80 1.06 2.23 7%
1919 S 139 760 000 0.22 0.37 1.06 1.20 1.43 11%
1920  310 165 000 0.22 0.22 0.46 0.56 1.40 18%
1920 D 49 280 000 0.62 1.10 2.70 2.40 10.76 6%
1920 S 46 220 000 0.32 0.28 1.32 2.14 7%
1921  39 157 000 0.22 0.42 1.06 2.02 0.90 8%
1921 S 15 274 000 1.55 1.43 3.43 2.14 4%
1922 (D) 0.5% With faint D mintmark (very rare), mintage included with 1922 D
1922 (D) 0.4% Without D mintmark; multiple varieties exist (ultra rare), mintage included with 1922 D
1922 D 7 160 000 11.66 11.70 11.88 23.68 3%
1923  74 723 000 0.36 0.67 0.70 1.04 5.27 10%
1923 S 8 700 000 2.11 5.45 7.67 5.16 3%
1924  75 178 000 0.22 0.37 0.55 0.76 3.07 41.47 10%
1924 D 2 520 000 21.84 35.26 1.8%
1924 S 11 696 000 1.62 1.73 2.15 4%
1925  139 949 000 0.13 0.41 0.44 0.71 1.40 14%
1925 D 22 580 000 0.54 1.28 1.12 2.40 5%
1925 S 26 380 000 0.49 0.97 1.06 1.36 6%
1926  157 088 000 0.22 0.25 0.38 0.60 0.64 2.29 17.07 14%
1926 D 28 020 000 1.06 1.67 3.01 5.17 5%
1926 S 4 550 000 8.33 16.13 18.45 3%
1927  144 440 000 0.20 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.49 4.21 14%
1927 D 27 170 000 1.22 1.58 2.02 1.52 5%
1927 S 14 276 000 1.48 1.57 1.55 1.90 4%
1928  134 116 000 0.22 0.23 0.35 0.64 1.58 15.86 14%
1928 D 31 170 000 1.09 1.07 1.01 2.95 6%
1928 S 0.9% Larger mintmark
1928 S 17 266 000 0.60 1.68 1.09 3.33 4% Smaller mintmark
1929  185 262 000 0.22 0.20 0.30 0.68 1.98 3.29 16%
1929 D 41 730 000 0.79 0.26 1.06 2.14 20.28 7%
1929 S 50 148 000 0.78 0.44 0.53 2.40 8.17 15.15 8%
1930  157 415 000 0.16 0.22 0.36 0.60 1.02 21.26 15%
1930 D 40 100 000 1.06 0.25 0.64 0.97 2.00 7%
1930 S 24 286 000 0.70 0.22 0.60 1.06 1.80 6%
1931  19 396 000 0.55 0.74 0.95 1.88 20.49 5%
1931 D 4 480 000 5.30 6.59 13.37 3%
1931 S 866 000 111.62 78.06 123.18 182.50 1.4%
1932  9 062 000 1.96 2.03 2.68 25.92 4%
1932 D 10 500 000 1.73 2.63 4.06 4%
1933  14 360 000 1.34 1.61 1.80 5.08 5%
1933 D 6 200 000 5.34 7.20 10.14 42.04 3%
1934  219 080 000 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.32 1.43 4.92 24.00 17%
1934 D 28 446 000 0.23 0.49 1.08 11.04 6%
1935  245 388 000 0.16 0.16 0.22 0.28 0.62 5.29 18%
1935 D 47 000 000 0.16 0.25 0.22 0.35 5.15 8%
1935 S 38 702 000 0.16 0.28 0.25 0.54 41.85 7%
1936  309 632 000 0.11 0.19 0.26 0.47 1.06 6.18 19%
1936  0.3% Brilliant Proof
1936  0.5% Double Die Obverse (multiple varieties), mintage included with 1936
1936  5 569 0.2% Proof with Satin Finish
1936 D 40 620 000 0.14 0.16 0.26 0.49 7.08 7%
1936 S 29 130 000 0.28 0.25 0.50 1.62 6%
1937  309 170 000 0.16 0.26 0.25 0.52 1.03 5.95 19%
1937  9 320 0.4% Proof
1937 D 50 430 000 0.19 0.26 0.35 0.80 4.93 5.15 8%
1937 S 34 500 000 0.16 0.22 0.30 0.50 10.13 7%
1938  156 682 000 0.10 0.20 0.29 0.42 1.08 9.89 15%
1938  14 734 0.4% Proof
1938 D 20 010 000 0.36 0.41 1.03 1.24 9.11 5%
1938 S 15 180 000 0.36 0.70 11.87 5%
1939  316 466 000 0.11 0.12 0.20 0.41 0.53 0.54 4.97 20%
1939  13 520 0.5% Proof
1939 D 15 160 000 0.53 0.54 0.85 1.07 6.97 5%
1939 S 52 070 000 0.04 0.30 0.65 0.98 8.42 8%
1940  586 810 000 0.06 0.13 0.22 0.42 0.61 0.17 3.53 25%
1940  15 872 0.6% Proof
1940 D 81 390 000 0.10 0.18 0.55 0.48 0.74 1.52 3.42 10%
1940 S 112 940 000 0.04 0.07 0.22 0.55 0.46 6.15 11%
1941  887 018 000 0.06 0.13 0.22 0.32 0.53 4.13 30%
1941  0.6% Double Die Obverse (multiple varieties)
1941  21 100 0.4% Proof
1941 D 128 700 000 0.04 0.11 0.29 0.40 0.97 4.93 12%
1941 S 92 360 000 0.02 0.12 0.26 0.54 0.97 5.93 11%
1942  657 796 000 0.12 0.13 0.20 0.35 0.50 1.15 3.95 27%
1942  32 600 0.5% Proof
1942 D 206 698 000 0.04 0.06 0.20 0.30 0.54 1.08 1.98 15%
1942 S 85 590 000 0.22 0.11 0.48 0.78 1.24 6.58 11%
1943  20 0.7% Struck with copper instead of steel; around 20 examples estimated
1943 D 1 0.3% Struck with copper instead of steel; 1 example known
1943 S 20 0.3% Struck with copper instead of steel; around 20 examples estimated
1944  1 435 400 000 0.06 0.06 0.12 0.24 0.32 0.36 2.05 36% Tin alloy composition change
1944 D 430 578 000 0.05 0.11 0.16 0.30 0.55 0.35 1.67 19% Tin alloy composition change
1944 D 0.9% Tin alloy composition change; re-punched mintmark (D over S; two varieties)
1944 S 282 760 000 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.49 2.08 1.02 1.98 16% Tin alloy composition change
1945  1 040 515 000 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.26 0.26 0.53 2.58 30% Tin alloy composition change
1945 D 266 268 000 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.29 0.30 0.79 4.31 15% Tin alloy composition change
1945 S 181 770 000 0.01 0.11 0.12 0.27 1.20 5.10 13% Tin alloy composition change
1946  991 655 000 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.18 0.36 0.35 1.85 30% Tin alloy composition change
1946 D 315 690 000 0.04 0.06 0.11 0.28 0.20 0.53 5.60 17% Tin alloy composition change
1946 S 198 100 000 0.01 0.11 0.11 0.30 0.20 3.80 14% Tin alloy composition change (inverted mintmark variety exists)
1946 S 0.4% Tin alloy composition change; re-punched mintmark (S over D)
1947  190 555 000 0.04 0.08 0.17 0.24 0.26 2.57 17%
1947 D 194 750 000 0.01 0.11 0.20 0.27 0.38 3.13 14%
1947 S 99 000 000 0.18 0.11 0.07 0.28 0.25 2.16 10%
1948  317 570 000 0.04 0.07 0.08 0.24 0.20 3.13 19%
1948 D 172 637 500 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.26 0.48 1.08 3.17 13%
1948 S 81 735 000 0.08 0.11 0.16 0.24 0.32 5.47 10%
1949  217 775 000 0.04 0.11 0.17 0.18 0.26 2.03 17%
1949 D 153 132 500 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.12 0.20 1.98 13%
1949 S 64 290 000 0.11 0.12 0.24 0.60 5.47 9%
1950  272 635 000 0.16 0.05 0.24 0.23 0.24 1.98 18%
1950  51 386 0.6% Proof
1950 D 334 950 000 0.11 0.07 0.11 0.18 0.30 1.98 17%
1950 S 118 505 000 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.37 2.15 12%
1951  284 576 000 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.24 0.25 1.98 19%
1951  57 500 98.92 0.4% Proof
1951 D 625 355 000 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.18 0.36 1.07 22%
1951 S 136 010 000 0.05 0.06 0.11 0.27 0.60 1.98 12%
1952  186 775 000 0.04 0.08 0.18 0.17 0.30 0.98 3.56 16%
1952  81 980 0.5% Proof
1952 D 746 130 000 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.22 0.26 0.54 3.19 25%
1952 S 137 800 004 0.01 0.08 0.07 0.19 0.41 3.56 12%
1953  256 755 000 0.04 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.26 1.66 19%
1953  128 800 28.20 0.5% Proof
1953 D 700 515 000 0.05 0.05 0.12 0.23 0.16 0.36 3.48 25%
1953 S 181 835 000 0.13 0.11 0.08 0.22 0.72 2.10 14%
1954  71 640 050 0.11 0.25 0.26 0.05 3.56 10%
1954  233 300 0.4% Proof
1954 D 251 552 500 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.13 0.22 0.36 1.84 17%
1954 S 96 190 000 0.05 0.11 0.07 0.18 0.77 2.51 11%
1955  330 958 200 0.04 0.10 0.12 0.20 0.55 0.28 1.08 20%
1955  0.9% Double Die, included with 1955 mintage
1955  378 200 19.65 0.6% Proof
1955 D 563 257 500 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.16 0.50 1.84 21%
1955 S 44 610 000 0.49 0.08 0.24 0.54 1.96 8%
1956  420 745 000 0.02 0.06 0.08 0.20 0.22 1.20 1.08 23%
1956  669 384 4.90 1.1% Proof
1956 D 1 098 201 100 0.10 0.06 0.11 0.12 0.24 0.48 1.68 28%
1956 D 0.7% Re-punched mintmark (D over D)
1957  282 540 000 0.01 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.22 0.54 1.10 21%
1957  1 247 952 5.47 1.2% Proof
1957 D 1 051 342 000 0.01 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.24 0.50 2.11 29%
1958  252 525 000 0.04 0.11 0.12 0.20 0.24 0.98 1.02 18%
1958  2 0.2% Double Die with initials, only 2 known
1958  875 652 4.93 1.2% Proof
1958 D 800 953 300 0.04 0.11 0.10 0.24 0.18 1.00 1.01 26%

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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