1 Cent "Lincoln - Wheat Ears Reverse"

Features

Country United States
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1909-1958
Value 1 Cent (0.01 USD)
Currency Dollar (1785-date)
Composition Copper
Weight 3.11 g
Diameter 19 mm
Thickness 1.4 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
References KM# 132,
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Thomas Michael (editor), Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Thomas Michael (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
KM# A132,
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Thomas Michael (editor), Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Thomas Michael (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Schön# 130
  • Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461840.
  • Helmut Kahnt, Günter Schön; 2016. Weltmünzkatalog 19. Jahrhundert: 1801-1900 (17. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461185.
  • Gerhard Schön, Sebastian Krämer; 2017. Weltmünzkatalog 21. Jahrhundert: 2001-2016 (3. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461383.

Obverse

The portrait of Abraham Lincoln facing right with the date to the right, and the mintmark (if present)below the date

Lettering:
IN GOD WE TRUST
LIBERTY
1925
D
VDB

Engraver: Victor David Brenner

Victor David Brenner was a Litvak-American sculptor, engraver, and medalist known primarily as the designer of the United States Lincoln Cent.

Reverse

Two wheat ears surrounding lettering

Lettering:
E·PLURIBUS·UNUM
ONE CENT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Translation:
OUT·OF MANY·ONE
ONE CENT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Engraver: Victor David Brenner

Victor David Brenner was a Litvak-American sculptor, engraver, and medalist known primarily as the designer of the United States Lincoln Cent.

Edge

Smooth

1 Cent

© Cyrillius

Mints

United States Mint, Philadelphia, United States (1792-date)
D United States Mint, Denver, United States (1906-date)
S United States Mint, San Francisco, United States (1854-date)

Comments

How the initials ['signature'] "VDB" looks on reverse (1909 and 1909-S only)

© Ringgy



Coins from 1910-1917 do not have the VDB initials.
Starting in 1918, "VDB" was added onto the underside of Lincoln's bust, below the shoulder.

There are claims of a 1917 matte proof coin existing (one known). However, many sources now claim this coin does not exist.

KM# 132 - 1909-1942 bronze issues KM# 132a - 1943 zinc-coated steel issues
KM# A132 - 1944-1958 (bronze issues resumed).

Issues from 1944 to 1946 used brass made from spent wartime shell casings composed of 70% copper and 30% zinc. As a result, such issues are made of 95% copper and 5% zinc. However, alloy resumed to pre-war composition after 1946 (95% copper and 5% tin and zinc)

The 1943 bronze cent is a "Transitional Error" which occurred during the changeover from bronze to steel coated zinc.

See also

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1909  27,995,000 4.14 8.18 13.71 14.78 14.09 79.65 9% With initials "VDB"
1909  0.5% With initials "VDB"; Double Die Obverse (very rare), mintage included with 1909 VDB
1909  1,194 0.2% With initials "VDB"; Matte Proof
1909  72,702,618 1.10 3.05 2.41 4.10 6.04 24.14 10% Without initials "VDB"
1909  2,618 0.5% Without initials "VDB"; Proof
1909 S 484,000 1,147.45 0.8% With initials "VDB", excessively rare
1909 S 1,825,000 89.25 88.60 108.09 1.4% Without initials "VDB", very rare
1909 S 0.19% Without initials "VDB"; repunched mintmark (S over horizontal S); very rare
1910  146,801,218 0.37 0.60 0.78 1.21 1.59 9.96 18.83 14%
1910  4,118 0.3% Matte Proof
1910 S 6,045,000 9.56 16.59 20.18 15.92 3%
1911  101,177,787 0.54 0.49 1.41 1.33 5.34 4.59 11%
1911  1,725 0.2% Matte Proof
1911 D 12,672,000 2.27 5.44 5.02 16.90 3%
1911 S 4,026,000 37.06 25.36 21.58 45.44 2%
1912  68,153,060 0.95 1.12 1.96 2.05 4.10 9%
1912  2,172 0.19% Matte Proof
1912 D 10,411,000 3.15 3.34 3.54 5.99 3%
1912 S 4,431,000 14.56 13.93 30.11 27.39 2%
1913  76,532,352 1.03 1.07 1.33 2.03 0.86 10%
1913  2,983 0.2% Matte Proof
1913 D 15,804,000 1.41 3.32 3.59 3.63 4%
1913 S 6,101,000 5.70 6.84 16.13 39.31 2%
1914  75,238,432 0.82 0.74 1.83 2.15 3.08 10%
1914  1,365 0.17% Matte Proof
1914 D 1,193,000 21.71 165.06 227.47 1.3% Rare; modified/unauthentic mintmarks exist
1914 S 4,137,000 21.52 13.85 41.76 2.0%
1915  29,092,120 1.10 2.63 3.50 3.02 6%
1915  1,050 0.14% Matte Proof
1915 D 22,050,000 1.65 3.40 3.30 5.98 5.37 5%
1915 S 4,833,000 12.03 26.27 34.38 2%
1916  131,833,677 0.30 0.52 0.60 1.01 7.13 13%
1916  600 0.16% Matte Proof
1916 D 35,956,000 0.76 1.11 3.52 5.37 6%
1916 S 22,510,000 1.79 2.49 1.13 2.45 5%
1917  196,429,785 0.22 0.41 0.56 1.21 1.09 16%
1917  0.2% Double Die Obverse, mintage included with 1917
1917 D 55,120,000 0.85 1.06 1.51 1.81 37.36 7%
1917 S 32,620,000 1.04 1.03 1.47 1.98 6%
1918  288,104,634 0.22 0.40 0.37 1.21 3.62 18%
1918 D 47,830,000 1.00 1.41 1.64 2.15 19.16 6%
1918 S 34,680,000 0.54 0.78 1.01 2.06 3.31 6%
1919  392,021,000 0.21 0.22 0.36 1.03 2.66 19%
1919 D 57,154,000 0.63 0.81 1.01 2.25 7%
1919 S 139,760,000 0.22 0.37 1.06 1.21 1.44 11%
1920  310,165,000 0.22 0.22 0.45 0.57 0.57 18%
1920 D 49,280,000 0.63 1.11 2.74 3.40 10.83 6%
1920 S 46,220,000 0.33 0.28 1.33 2.15 7%
1921  39,157,000 0.43 0.40 1.06 2.03 1.07 8%
1921 S 15,274,000 1.56 1.44 3.46 1.69 4%
1922 (D) 0.5% With faint D mintmark (very rare), mintage included with 1922 D
1922 (D) 0.4% Without D mintmark; multiple varieties exist (ultra rare), mintage included with 1922 D
1922 D 7,160,000 11.73 11.77 11.95 23.83 3%
1923  74,723,000 0.45 0.68 0.70 1.05 5.30 10%
1923 S 8,700,000 2.12 5.48 7.64 5.19 3%
1924  75,178,000 0.24 0.37 0.56 0.76 41.72 10%
1924 D 2,520,000 16.54 35.48 1.7%
1924 S 11,696,000 2.47 1.74 2.16 4%
1925  139,949,000 0.21 0.41 0.45 0.69 1.41 13%
1925 D 22,580,000 0.28 1.29 1.12 2.17 5%
1925 S 26,380,000 0.49 0.98 1.06 1.36 6%
1926  157,088,000 0.22 0.25 0.39 0.57 0.64 2.31 17.17 14%
1926 D 28,020,000 1.10 1.68 3.71 2.31 5%
1926 S 4,550,000 8.38 16.21 18.57 3%
1927  144,440,000 0.22 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.49 4.24 14%
1927 D 27,170,000 1.36 1.55 2.11 1.53 5%
1927 S 14,276,000 1.56 1.58 1.56 1.69 4%
1928  134,116,000 0.22 0.23 0.35 0.64 1.59 15.96 13%
1928 D 31,170,000 1.10 1.30 1.06 2.97 6%
1928 S 0.9% Larger mintmark
1928 S 17,266,000 0.60 1.94 1.10 4.26 4% Smaller mintmark
1929  185,262,000 0.24 0.21 0.30 0.69 1.99 3.31 16%
1929 D 41,730,000 0.80 0.27 1.06 2.04 20.40 7%
1929 S 50,148,000 0.82 0.45 0.53 1.81 8.22 15.25 8%
1930  157,415,000 0.16 0.22 0.36 0.64 0.99 21.39 14%
1930 D 40,100,000 1.06 0.24 0.64 1.01 2.00 7%
1930 S 24,286,000 1.06 0.33 0.60 1.06 1.81 6%
1931  19,396,000 0.56 0.95 1.97 20.62 5%
1931 D 4,480,000 5.35 6.63 14.95 3%
1931 S 866,000 76.20 1.3%
1932  9,062,000 2.00 2.69 26.08 4%
1932 D 10,500,000 1.74 2.68 4.08 4%
1933  14,360,000 0.74 1.62 1.81 5.11 5%
1933 D 6,200,000 5.09 7.52 18.25 42.30 3%
1934  219,080,000 0.17 0.19 0.24 0.33 1.44 24.14 17%
1934 D 28,446,000 0.23 0.41 1.10 11.11 6%
1935  245,388,000 0.16 0.16 0.22 0.28 0.63 5.32 18%
1935 D 47,000,000 0.17 0.19 0.22 0.35 5.18 8%
1935 S 38,702,000 0.16 0.28 0.46 0.54 31.13 7%
1936  309,632,000 0.11 0.18 0.27 0.48 1.06 4.58 19%
1936  0.3% Brilliant Proof
1936  0.5% Double Die Obverse (multiple varieties), mintage included with 1936
1936  5,569 0.20% Proof with Satin Finish
1936 D 40,620,000 0.16 0.16 0.27 0.51 7.12 7%
1936 S 29,130,000 0.25 0.22 0.51 1.63 6%
1937  309,170,000 0.17 0.27 0.25 0.52 1.04 1.99 5.99 19%
1937  9,320 0.4% Proof
1937 D 50,430,000 0.16 0.27 0.34 0.99 5.18 8%
1937 S 34,500,000 0.16 0.22 0.30 0.53 10.19 7%
1938  156,682,000 0.07 0.21 0.30 0.42 1.09 9.95 15%
1938  14,734 0.4% Proof
1938 D 20,010,000 1.07 0.36 0.41 1.04 1.24 9.16 5%
1938 S 15,180,000 0.36 0.70 11.89 5%
1939  316,466,000 0.11 0.12 0.21 0.39 0.54 0.97 5.00 20%
1939  13,520 0.5% Proof
1939 D 15,160,000 0.53 0.54 0.86 7.01 5%
1939 S 52,070,000 0.04 0.21 0.30 0.65 0.99 8.47 8%
1940  586,810,000 0.06 0.13 0.24 0.42 0.63 1.04 3.55 25%
1940  15,872 0.6% Proof
1940 D 81,390,000 0.18 0.56 0.35 0.75 1.53 3.44 10%
1940 S 112,940,000 0.04 0.11 0.22 0.55 0.46 1.07 6.19 11%
1941  887,018,000 0.06 0.13 0.22 0.33 0.53 1.71 4.15 30%
1941  0.6% Double Die Obverse (multiple varieties)
1941  21,100 0.4% Proof
1941 D 128,700,000 0.04 0.16 0.29 0.39 0.99 4.96 12%
1941 S 92,360,000 0.02 0.12 0.27 0.57 0.69 5.96 11%
1942  657,796,000 0.13 0.13 0.22 0.36 0.51 1.09 3.48 27%
1942  32,600 0.5% Proof
1942 D 206,698,000 0.04 0.06 0.21 0.30 0.60 1.04 1.99 15%
1942 S 85,590,000 0.22 0.12 0.48 0.78 0.60 6.62 10%
1943  20 0.6% Struck with copper instead of steel; around 20 examples estimated
1943 D 1 0.3% Struck with copper instead of steel; 1 example known
1943 S 20 0.2% Struck with copper instead of steel; around 20 examples estimated
1944  1,435,400,000 0.06 0.06 0.12 0.24 0.34 0.52 2.06 36% Tin alloy composition change
1944 D 430,578,000 0.05 0.11 0.16 0.29 0.56 0.35 1.68 19% Tin alloy composition change
1944 D 0.9% Tin alloy composition change; re-punched mintmark (D over S; two varieties)
1944 S 282,760,000 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.51 2.09 1.03 1.99 16% Tin alloy composition change
1945  1,040,515,000 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.27 0.27 0.53 2.12 30% Tin alloy composition change
1945 D 266,268,000 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.29 0.60 0.80 5.50 15% Tin alloy composition change
1945 S 181,770,000 0.01 0.11 0.12 0.27 1.75 5.13 13% Tin alloy composition change
1946  991,655,000 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.18 0.36 0.35 1.85 30% Tin alloy composition change
1946 D 315,690,000 0.04 0.06 0.11 0.24 0.29 0.53 5.64 17% Tin alloy composition change
1946 S 198,100,000 0.04 0.13 0.11 0.28 0.36 3.83 14% Tin alloy composition change (inverted mintmark variety exists)
1946 S 0.4% Tin alloy composition change; re-punched mintmark (S over D)
1947  190,555,000 0.04 0.08 0.17 0.24 0.27 2.96 17%
1947 D 194,750,000 0.01 0.11 0.22 0.27 0.39 3.15 14%
1947 S 99,000,000 0.28 0.17 0.21 0.27 0.48 2.14 10%
1948  317,570,000 0.04 0.07 0.08 0.24 0.23 3.15 19%
1948 D 172,637,500 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.27 0.48 3.19 13%
1948 S 81,735,000 0.10 0.11 0.16 0.24 0.33 6.62 10%
1949  217,775,000 0.04 0.11 0.16 0.22 0.27 3.15 17%
1949 D 153,132,500 0.07 0.05 0.16 0.21 1.99 13%
1949 S 64,290,000 0.11 0.12 0.27 0.76 5.50 9%
1950  272,635,000 0.17 0.05 0.24 0.24 0.27 1.99 18%
1950  51,386 0.6% Proof
1950 D 334,950,000 0.11 0.07 0.12 0.19 0.30 0.39 2.96 17%
1950 S 118,505,000 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.48 2.16 12%
1951  284,576,000 0.11 0.12 0.24 0.25 0.45 1.99 19%
1951  57,500 99.53 0.4% Proof
1951 D 625,355,000 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.18 0.36 1.07 22%
1951 S 136,010,000 0.05 0.06 0.11 0.27 0.60 1.99 12%
1952  186,775,000 0.04 0.08 0.18 0.17 0.40 0.99 3.59 16%
1952  81,980 0.5% Proof
1952 D 746,130,000 0.06 0.08 0.16 0.22 0.27 0.54 3.59 25%
1952 S 137,800,004 0.01 0.08 0.07 0.19 0.60 4.03 12%
1953  256,755,000 0.04 0.11 0.14 0.12 0.27 1.67 19%
1953  128,800 28.37 0.5% Proof
1953 D 700,515,000 0.05 0.05 0.12 0.24 0.16 2.11 3.50 25%
1953 S 181,835,000 0.13 0.11 0.08 0.19 0.72 2.11 14%
1954  71,640,050 0.11 0.24 0.27 0.27 4.84 10%
1954  233,300 0.4% Proof
1954 D 251,552,500 0.16 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.22 0.56 2.03 17%
1954 S 96,190,000 0.05 0.11 0.07 0.18 0.77 3.24 11%
1955  330,958,200 0.04 0.10 0.12 0.21 0.56 0.28 1.09 20%
1955  0.9% Double Die, included with 1955 mintage
1955  378,200 19.51 0.6% Proof
1955 D 563,257,500 0.06 0.08 0.11 0.12 0.16 0.49 1.99 21%
1955 S 44,610,000 0.49 0.08 0.54 1.99 8%
1956  420,745,000 0.02 0.06 0.08 0.21 0.23 1.21 1.09 23%
1956  669,384 4.93 1.1% Proof
1956 D 1,098,201,100 0.11 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.24 0.56 1.69 28%
1956 D 0.7% Re-punched mintmark (D over D)
1957  282,540,000 0.01 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.24 0.41 1.11 21%
1957  1,247,952 5.50 1.2% Proof
1957 D 1,051,342,000 0.01 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.24 0.51 2.19 29%
1958  252,525,000 0.04 0.11 0.13 0.21 0.24 0.99 1.03 18%
1958  2 0.2% Double Die with initials, only 2 known
1958  875,652 5.01 1.2% Proof
1958 D 800,953,300 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.24 0.18 1.00 1.09 26%

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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