Denarius - Juba II Lion headdress; Capricorn

Features

Country Mauretania
King Juba II (25 BC - 23 AD)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 41-42 (16-17)
Calendar Mauretania - Juba II era
Value Denarius (1)
Currency Denarius (25BC-40AD)
Composition Silver
Weight 3.1 g
Diameter 18 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 95506
Numista (https://numista.com)
References CNNM# 211-212,
Jean Mazard; 1956. Corpus Nummorum Numidiae Mauretaniaeque. Arts et Métiers Graphiques, Paris, France.
MAA# 164-171,
Jacques Alexandropoulos; 2008. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique, 400 avant J.-C. - 40 après J.-C.. Presses Universitaires du Midi, Toulouse, France.
SNG Cop# 587,
Niels Breitenstein, Willy Schwabacher; 1942. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum: Royal Collection of Coins and Medals. Danish National Museum / Volume 1. Italy, Part 1 : Etruria - Campania. Einar Munksgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark.
And 43 more volumes.
GICV# 5985
David R. Sear; 1982. Greek Imperial Coins and their Values - The Local Coinages of the Roman Empire. Seaby, London, United Kingdom.

Obverse

Head of Juba II right, with lion skin headdress tied under chin, a mace on left shoulder.

Lettering: REX IVBA

Translation: "King Juba".

Reverse

Capricorn right with cornucopia on left shoulder, rudder and globe between paws; below, regnal year.

Lettering: RXXXXI

Translation: "41st [regnal year]".

Comments

Other reference: Müller# 63.

This type was minted in honor of the Emperor August, who also used the Capricorn on his coinage.

Examples of this type:

Example #1, dated XXXXI (2.66g, 17mm, 2h, Mint State):

© CGB Numismatique Paris
◦ Auctioned by CGB, Mail Bid Sale 59, 19 June 2013, lot 226. Sold for 737 EUR.

Example #2, dated XXXXII (3.10g, 17mm, 11h, Near Mint State):

© Image courtesy of Roma Numismatics Limited
◦ Ex-private French collection and from the Banasa / El Ksar Hoard of 1907 (IGCH 2307).
◦ Auctioned by Roma Numismatics Ltd, Auction XVII, 28 March 2019, Lot 331. Sold for 2,500 GBP.

The Banasa Hoard, deposited in circa AD 18-17 was found in 1907 near modern day Souk-el Arbaa, 120 km northeast of Rabat, Morocco, in 1907. The hoard was previously said to be from Alkazar (El Ksar El Kebir), 70 km south of Tangier and hence is occasionally referred to as the El Ksar Hoard. The group contained approximately 4000 silver coins and one bronze. A substantial number of the coins now reside in public collections, principally in London, Paris, Berlin, Athens, New York and Algiers.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
41 (16)  RXXXXI (year 41) - CNNM 211, MAA 164
42 (17)  RXXXXII (year 42) - CNNM 212, MAA 171

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