Coins from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo or Congo-Kinshasa is a country in Central Africa bordering the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. It remains largely unexplored to this day, but was first mapped by Pierre de Brazza, which allowed for Leopold II of Belgium to lay claim to the region as the Congo Free State during the Scramble for Africa in 1885. Reports of human rights abuses on rubber farms there led the Belgian government to take over the territory in 1908, and it became the Belgian Congo, or Lower Congo to distinguish it from the French Congo, or Middle Congo. Ruanda-Urundi (now Rwanda and Burundi) was attached to it from German East Africa after WWI in 1919; it was a supplier of uranium to the Allies in WWII, and gained it's formal independence from Belgium after the war in 1960. After attempted secession by Katanga, the DRC became an anti-communist right-wing dictatorship during the Cold War, known as Zaïre until 1997. After two civil wars in 1996-2003, the DRC is only a little closer to democracy as of 2018. It currently has a population of about 78.7 million, and uses the Congolese franc. The Belgian Congo was first acquired by King Léopold II in 1885 as the Congo Free State, and coinage on par with the Belgian Franc was issued in 1887-1892. The Congo Free State became notorious for human rights abuses, and was given to the Belgian government in 1908, whereupon coins in the Belgian Congolese Franc were issued starting in 1911. Ruanda-Urundi was attached to it following its acquisition from Germany in 1919. During the 2nd World War, the Belgian Free Forces were based in the Belgian Congo, and brass and silver coinage was minted. The colony became independent as the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1960. The Congo Free State is the former name of present-day Republic of Congo, when it was awarded to the Belgian King Leopold II during the Berlin Conference in 1885. He made a lot of money exploiting the locals for his rubber enterprises. Due to bad conditions and epidemics many millions of Congolese died, but no accurate records exist. International pressure led to the annexation of Congo Free State by the Belgian state in 1908, which marked the start of Belgian Congo.
Wikidata: Q974

See also: Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi, Katanga

Display options518 results found.
Order by: face value - ruling authority - type - date - reference
Results per page: 10 - 20 - 50 - 100 - 200

Franc (1887-1967)

100 Centimes = 1 Franc

Available for swap 1 Centime - Léopold II
1887-1888

Copper • 1.98 g • ⌀ 19 mm
KM# 1, Schön# 1, LA# VCM-1, N# 28871
Available for swap 1 Centime - Albert I
1910-1919

Copper • 2 g • ⌀ 18 mm
KM# 15, LA# BCM-1, N# 12176
Available for swap 2 Centimes - Léopold II
1887-1888

Copper • 4 g • ⌀ 23 mm
KM# 2, LA# VCM-2, N# 20848
2 Centimes - Léopold II (Trial Strike)
1906

Pattern
Nickel • ⌀ 23 mm
N# 144943
Available for swap 2 Centimes - Albert I
1910-1919

Copper • 4 g • ⌀ 23 mm
KM# 16, LA# BCM-2, N# 12177
Available for swap 5 Centimes - Léopold II
1887-1894

Copper • 10 g • ⌀ 30 mm
KM# 3, LA# VCM-3, N# 11422
Available for swap 5 Centimes - Léopold II
1906-1908

Copper-nickel • 2.5 g • ⌀ 19 mm
KM# 9, LA# VCM-4, N# 22554
Available for swap 5 Centimes - Léopold II
1909

Copper-nickel • 2.5 g • ⌀ 19.1 mm
KM# 12, LA# BCM-3, N# 23902
Available for swap 5 Centimes - Albert I
1910-1928

Copper-nickel • 2.39 g • ⌀ 19 mm
KM# 17, LA# BCM-4, LA# BCM-5, N# 7014
Available for swap 10 Centimes - Léopold II
1887-1894

Copper • 20.1 g • ⌀ 35.2 mm
KM# 4, LA# VCM-5, N# 7012
Available for swap 10 Centimes - Léopold II
1906-1908

Copper-nickel • 4 g • ⌀ 22 mm
KM# 10, LA# VCM-6, N# 26853
Available for swap 10 Centimes - Léopold II
1909

Copper-nickel • 4 g • ⌀ 22 mm
KM# 13, LA# BCM-6, N# 8022
Available for swap 10 Centimes - Albert I
1910-1928

Copper-nickel • 4.0 g • ⌀ 22 mm
KM# 18, LA# BCM-7, LA# BCM-8, N# 3167
20 Centimes - Léopold II
1906-1908

Copper-nickel • 6 g • ⌀ 25 mm
KM# 11, LA# VCM-7, N# 8019
Available for swap 20 Centimes - Léopold II
1909

Copper-nickel • 6 g • ⌀ 25 mm
KM# 14, LA# BCM-9, N# 31861
Available for swap 20 Centimes - Albert I
1910-1911

Copper-nickel • 5.92 g • ⌀ 25 mm
KM# 19, LA# BCM-10, N# 6225
50 Centimes - Léopold II
1887-1896

Silver (.835) • 2.5 g • ⌀ 17.2 mm
KM# 5, LA# VCM-8, N# 7013
50 Centimes - Léopold II (Pattern)
1896

Pattern
Gold (.900) • 4.09 g • ⌀ 18 mm
N# 315084
Available for swap 50 Centimes - Albert I (French text)
1921-1929

Copper-nickel • 6.46 g • ⌀ 24 mm
KM# 22, LA# BCM-11, N# 6708
Available for swap 50 Centimes - Albert I (Dutch text)
1921-1929

Copper-nickel • 6.5 g • ⌀ 24 mm
KM# 23, LA# BCM-12, N# 7010
Available for swap 1 Franc - Léopold II
1887-1896

Silver (.835) • 5 g • ⌀ 23 mm
KM# 6, LA# VCM-9, N# 27683
1 Franc - Léopold II (Pattern)
1896

Pattern
Gold (.900) • 7.3 g • ⌀ 23 mm
N# 315085
Available for swap 1 Franc - Albert I (Dutch text)
1920-1929

Copper-nickel • 10 g • ⌀ 28.9 mm
KM# 21, LA# BCM-14, N# 7608
Available for swap 1 Franc - Albert I (French text)
1920-1930

Copper-nickel • 10 g • ⌀ 28.8 mm
KM# 20, LA# BCM-13, N# 7551
Available for swap 1 Franc - Léopold III
1944-1949

Brass • 2.48 g • ⌀ 19.20 mm
KM# 26, LA# BCM-15, N# 6314
Available for swap 2 Francs - Léopold II
1887-1896

Silver (.835) • 10 g • ⌀ 27 mm
KM# 7, LA# VCM-10, N# 10913
Available for swap 2 Francs - Léopold III
1943

Brass (65% Copper, 35% Zinc) • 6.0 g • ⌀ 29.1 mm
KM# 25, LA# BCM-16, N# 7011
Available for swap 2 Francs - Leopold III
1946-1947

Brass • 5.0 g • ⌀ 22 mm
KM# 28, LA# BCM-17, N# 2963
5 Francs - Léopold II
1887

Silver (.900) • 25 g • ⌀ 37 mm
KM# 8.2, LA# VCM-11, N# 251426
5 Francs - Léopold II (Pattern strike)
1887

Pattern
Copper • 24.84 g • ⌀ 37 mm
KM# Pn6, N# 251424
5 Francs - Léopold II (Pattern strike)
1887

Pattern
Copper • 24.84 g • ⌀ 37 mm
KM# Pn7, N# 99280
5 Francs - Léopold II
1887-1896

Silver (.900) • 25 g • ⌀ 37 mm
KM# 8.1, LA# VCM-12, N# 18068
5 Francs - Léopold II (Trial Strike)
1896

Pattern
Lead
KM# Pn15, N# 144945
5 Francs - Léopold II (Pattern)
1896

Pattern
Silver (.900) • 24.58 g • ⌀ 37 mm
KM# Pn20, N# 310867
5 Francs - Léopold II (Pattern)
1896

Pattern
Gold (.900) • 38.36 g • ⌀ 37.5 mm
N# 315086
Available for swap 5 Francs - Léopold III
1936-1937

Nickel brass • 13 g • ⌀ 33 mm
KM# 24, LA# BCM-18, N# 8016
Available for swap 5 Francs - Léopold III
1947

Brass • 7.9 g • ⌀ 27 mm
KM# 29, LA# BCM-19, N# 8017
Available for swap 10 Francs
1965

Aluminium • 3.27 g • ⌀ 29.8 mm
KM# 1, Schön# 34, N# 8868
10 Francs (5th Anniversary of independence)
1965

Non-circulating coin: 5th Anniversary of independence
Gold (.900) • 3.226 g • ⌀ 19 mm
KM# 2, Schön# 35, N# 138634
10 Francs (Essai)
1965

Pattern
Aluminium • 2.83 g • ⌀ 30.3 mm
Lec# E1, N# 178180
20 Francs (5th Anniversary of independence)
1965

Non-circulating coin: 5th Anniversary of independence
Gold (.900) • 6.452 g • ⌀ 20 mm
KM# 3, Schön# 36, N# 138637
25 Francs (5th Anniversary of independence)
1965

Non-circulating coin: 5th Anniversary of independence
Gold (.900) • 8.064 g • ⌀ 22 mm
KM# 4, Schön# 37, N# 138641
Available for swap 50 Francs - Léopold III
1944

Silver (.600) • 17.5 g • ⌀ 35 mm
KM# 27, LA# BCM-20, N# 8015
50 Francs (5th Anniversary of independence)
1965

Non-circulating coin: 5th Anniversary of independence
Gold (.900) • 16.129 g • ⌀ 27 mm
KM# 5, Schön# 38, N# 138642
100 Francs (5th Anniversary of independence)
1965

Non-circulating coin: 5th Anniversary of independence
Gold (.900) • 32.258 g • ⌀ 35 mm
KM# 6, Schön# 39, N# 138643
100 Francs (5th Anniversary of Independence; Pattern)
1965

Pattern: 5th Anniversary of Independence
Gold (.900)
KM# Pn3, N# 308752

Zaire (1967-1993)

100 Sengi = 1 Likuta • 100 Makuta = 1 Zaïre

Available for swap 10 Sengi
1967

Aluminium • 0.7 g • ⌀ 17 mm
KM# 7, Schön# 40, N# 3536
10 Sengis (5 Years of J.D. Mobutu's Presidency; Gold Proof Issue)
1970

Non-circulating coin: 5th Year of Mobutu Presidency
Gold (.900) • 3.20 g • ⌀ 19.8 mm
KM# 10, Schön# 43, N# 195287

The Numista referee for coins of this issuer is andrewdotcoza.

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