Sardinia is an island in the Mediterranean Sea located between Corsica and Sicily. In ancient times it was ruled by Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals and Byzantines. During the Middle Ages the island was mostly divided in various smaller entities called Judicates. In 1324 the Aragonese Prince Alfonso occupied Sardinia and became the first King of Sardinia. The title passed to the Spanish Habsburgs in 1516 and to the House of Savoy in 1720, when it was united with Savoy-Piedmont in Northern Italy. Despite the personal union, Sardinia and Savoy, the territories maintained separate currencies until 1816. Piedmontese coins from the era 1720-1797 have the name King of Sardinia on them, but these are listed under Savoy-Piedmont as they were not used on the island.
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