Tanzania is a nation on the East coast of Africa with an Indian Ocean coastline and includes the islands of Zanzibar. It has land borders with Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Tanzania is home to Mt Kilimanjaro, the tallest peak in Africa.
Tanzania has a rich heritage going back to the very origins of humankind in pre-history and is home to some of the oldest human and proto-human fossils that have ever been found.
Having been colonized by Germany prior to World War I, the nation has an interesting wartime history that resolved with it becoming a British colony until 1961, when it became independent. It merged with the newly independent island nation of Zanzibar in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
The Tanzanian Shilling, a successor currency to the East African Shilling, is divided into 100 Senti. Coins were first issued in 1966 in denominations of 5, 20 and 50 Senti, and 1 Shilling, or Shilingi. Commemorative 25 Shilingi were issued in the past, both in base and precious metals. Tanzanian coins currently circulate in denominations of 50, 100, 200 and 500 Shilingi.
A large number of precious-metal commemorative coins, sometimes in outlandish shapes, have been issued in recent years, in higher denominations. Notable among these is the Death’s Head Hawkmoth commemorative of 2018 and the Big 5 Banknote coins that comprise 1 gram of fine gold. These commemoratives are issued exclusively for the collector’s market and do not circulate.