Banknotes from Uruguay

Uruguay’s official name, República Oriental del Uruguay (Eastern Republic of Uruguay in English), derives from the country location being at east (orient) of Uruguay river, which is the frontier to Argentina. Uruguay is the 2nd smaller country in South America, with a population slowly reaching 4 million people. Its main income is based on agriculture and livestock breeding, and some tourism in the short summer (3/4 months). It has a sub-tropical climate, with no snow in winter, nor extreme cold or hot weather all year long. Numismatic history of Uruguay starts in 1831, when the Government decided to use the already demonetized coins “Décimo de Buenos Ayres” issued on 1822 and 1823, by half its value. Few years later, started production of coins in 1840 at Agustin Jouve’s workshop in Montevideo. He was a French engraver and weapon maker, and supply problems due to civil war in the country, prevented many coins were minted. Production of coins continued with issues in 1843, 1844, 1854 and 1855 from Montevideo Minthouse. It included the 1844 1 Peso Fuerte, the only silver coin minted in the country and first in the region, and a gold pattern of 40 Reales in 1854. No more coins were minted in Uruguay after that time. So far, Uruguay had 4 currencies, Peso Fuerte (Real system) 1830-1862; Peso (Decimal system) 1863-1975, Nuevo Peso 1975-1993, and currently Peso Uruguayo since 1993; the 2 last were needed to control inflation, and each was a transformation of the previous one at a rate of 1,000:1. In 1992, a bullion coin “Gaucho” was issued based on an ounce of gold.
Wikidata: Q77

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Peso fuerte (1830-1862)

100 Centesimos = 1 Real • 8 Reales = 1 Peso fuerte • 16 Reales = 1 Escudo

100 Pesos (Banco de Londres y Río de la Plata)
(1862)

Local banknote : Banco de Londres y Rio de la Plata
230 × 130 mm
P# S245

Peso (1863-1975)

100 Centésimos = 1 Peso

1 Centesimo (Emergency Postal Script Issues)
1868

Local banknote : Emergency Postal Script Issues
P# A128
10 Centésimos (Not issued)
1896

Standard banknote
60 × 107 mm
P# 1C, Rot R# N/C
20 Centésimos (Banco Nacional)
1887

Local banknote : Banco Nacional
P# A88
20 Centésimos (Not issued)
1896

Standard banknote
66 × 120 mm
P# 1D, Rot R# N/C
20 Centésimos (Provisional)
1918

Standard banknote : Casa de Moneda Issuance, 1918
70 × 138 mm
P# 14, Rot R# 5.I
50 Centesimos
1887

Local banknote : Banco Nacional
137 × 62 mm
P# A89
50 Centésimos
1896

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1896
66 × 137 mm
P# 2, Rot R# 2.II
50 Centésimos
1934

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1934
67 × 137 mm
P# 20, Rot R# 8.II
50 Centésimos (Law of Aug. 14th., 1935)
(1937)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1935
76 × 148 mm
P# 27, Rot R# 9.II
Available for swap 50 Centésimos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939)
(1966)

Standard banknote : Casa de Moneda, Chile Issuance, 1939
60 × 125 mm
P# 34, Rot R# 11.II
1 Peso
1896

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1896
137 × 70 mm
P# 3, Rot R# 2.III
1 Peso
1914 (1914-1935)

Standard banknote : Waterloo & Sons Issuance, 1914
138 × 70 mm
P# 9, Rot R# 4.III
1 Peso
1918

Standard banknote
70 × 138 mm
P# 15, Rot R# N/C
1 Peso (Constitution Centennial)
1930

Commemorative note : Constitution Oath Anniversary Issuance, 1930 – Constitution Centennial
134 × 76 mm
P# 17, Rot R# 6.III
1 Peso
1934

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1934
137 × 70 mm
P# 21, Rot R# 8.III
Available for swap 1 Peso (Law of Aug. 14th., 1935)
(1937)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1935
78 × 149 mm
P# 28, Rot R# 9.III
Available for swap 1 Peso (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939 - Issued by BROU)
(1948)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1939
130 × 64 mm
P# 35, Rot R# 10.III
5 Pesos
1896

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1896
73 × 142 mm
P# 4, Rot R# 2.IV
5 Pesos
1914 (1914-1934)

Standard banknote : Waterloo & Sons Issuance, 1914
74 × 144 mm
P# 10, Rot R# 4.IV
5 Pesos (Constitution Centennial)
1930

Commemorative note : Constitution Oath Anniversary Issuance, 1930 – Constitution Centennial
150 × 85 mm
P# 18, Rot R# 6.IV
5 Pesos
1934

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1934
73 × 142 mm
P# 22, Rot R# 8.IV
Available for swap 5 Pesos (Law of Aug. 14th., 1935)
(1937)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1935
84 × 156 mm
P# 29, Rot R# 9.IV
Available for swap 5 Pesos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939- Issued by BROU)
(1948)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1939
68 × 139 mm
P# 36, Rot R# 10.IV
10 Pesos (Sociedad de Fomento Territorial)
1868

Local banknote : Sociedad de Fomento Territorial
P# S480
10 Pesos - 1 Doblon (Banco Franco-Platense)
1871

Local banknote : Banco Franco-Platense
P# 172
10 Pesos (Provisional)
1896

Standard banknote : Provissional Issue, 1896
79 × 156 mm
P# 1A, Rot R# 1.V
10 Pesos
1896

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1896
80 × 170 mm
P# 5, Rot R# 2.V
10 Pesos (Specimen only)
1896

Trial banknote
75 × 160 mm
P# 5A, Rot R# N/C
10 Pesos
1899

Standard banknote : Bradbury, Wilkinson & Co. Issuance, 1899
82 × 160 mm
P# 8A, Rot R# 3.V
10 Pesos
1914 (1914-1935)

Standard banknote : Waterloo & Sons Issuance, 1914
78 × 163 mm
P# 11, Rot R# 4.V
10 Pesos (Constitution Centennial)
1930

Commemorative note : Constitution Oath Anniversary Issuance, 1930 – Constitution Centennial
165 × 96 mm
P# 19, Rot R# 6.V
10 Pesos
1934

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1934
75 × 160 mm
P# 23, Rot R# 8.V
Available for swap 10 Pesos (Law of Aug. 14th., 1935)
(1940)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1935
89 × 175 mm
P# 30, Rot R# 9.V
Available for swap 10 Pesos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939-Issued by BROU)
(1948)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1939
146 × 73 mm
P# 37, Rot R# 10.V
10 Pesos (Law of Jan 2nd., 1939 - Issued by BCU)
(1967)

Standard banknote
146 × 73 mm
P# 42, Rot C# 1D
20 Pesos (Banco de Crédito Auxiliar)
1887

Local banknote : Banco de Crédito Auxiliar
P# S164
50 Pesos
1896

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1896
80 × 170 mm
P# 6, Rot R# 2.VI
Available for swap 50 Pesos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939- Issued by BROU)
(1952)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1939
77 × 155 mm
P# 38, Rot R# 10.VI
50 Pesos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939 - Issued by BCU)
(1967)

Standard banknote
155 × 77 mm
P# 42A, Rot C# 2D
Available for swap 50 Pesos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939)
(1967)

Standard banknote
69 × 155 mm
P# 46, Rot C# 6A
100 Pesos (Banco Italiano del Uruguay)
1887

Local banknote : Banco Italiano del Uruguay
186 × 84 mm
P# S214
100 Pesos (Provisional)
1896

Standard banknote : Provissional Issue, 1896
87 × 188 mm
P# 1B, Rot R# 1.VII
100 Pesos
1896

Standard banknote : Giesecke & Devrient Issuance, 1896
85 × 185 mm
P# 7, Rot R# 2.VII
100 Pesos
1914 (1914-1935)

Standard banknote : Waterloo & Sons Issuance, 1914
90 × 187 mm
P# 12, Rot R# 4.VII
100 Pesos
1918

Standard banknote : Casa de Moneda Issuance, 1918
90 × 188 mm
P# 16, Rot R# 5.VII
100 Pesos (Law of Aug. 14th., 1935)
(1937)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1935
100 × 199 mm
P# 31, Rot R# 9.VII
Available for swap 100 Pesos (Law of Jan. 2nd., 1939-Issued by BROU)
(1948)

Standard banknote : Thomas de la Rue Issuance, 1939
81 × 162 mm
P# 39, Rot R# 10.VII
Available for swap 100 Pesos (Law of Jan 2nd., 1939 - Issued by BCU)
(1967)

Standard banknote
162 × 81 mm
P# 43, Rot C# 3D

Numista referee for banknotes of this issuer is adanieluy.

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