Afghanistan is a landlocked country in southern central Asia bordering Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and for a tiny part China. It has a population of 33 millions. Known as Bactria in antiquity, the modern Afghan history began in 1709 with the country's independence under the Hotak dynasty. After British incursions, Afghanistan regained independence in 1919. Monarchy was abolished after soviet invasion in 1978.
See also: Islamic states
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